Exciting Features for Investigating your Ancestry

This section contains useful articles and tutorials to help you understand the science behind DNA Ancestry testing. Knowing the benefits and limitations of each DNA and marker type will allow you to get the most out of this exciting technology.

mtDNA and its role in ancestry
In order to fully understand the power of mtDNA testing and its applications in ancestry, it is beneficial to understand the science behind the technology and have a good idea of how ancestry testing works and its strengths and limitations.
Popular Tutorials
Descendents of Maria-Theresa
This study focused on testing the mtDNA of the remains of Wilhelm Naundorff and forensic samples from various members of Marie Antoinette’s family, descendents of Marie Antoinette’s mother, Maria-Theresa, Holy Roman Empress.
Empress Feodorovna
By collecting the DNA sample from known family members, scientists can find out the expected mtDNA type for Tsarina Alexandra and her children and use it to identify remains found in Ekaterinburg, Russia in 1991.
James “Earthquake McGoon” McGovern
James McGovern was a World War II fighter ace who died in a plane crash in Laos on May 6, 1954. The main purpose of the project was to determine whether the remains discovered in Ban Sot in 2002 belonged to James McGovern.
Luke the Evangelist
Historians have long questioned the identity of the body attributed to Saint Luke that now lies in Padua, Italy. Using DNA technology, anthropologists set out to answer this question by obtaining DNA samples from the body attributed to Saint Luke.
Learn about mtDNA Haplogroup H
mtDNA Haplogroup H is one of the most dominant family groups in Europe

Paternal Ancestry Test

Trace your paternal line
Standard Paternal Ancestry Package (Y-DNA 20 STR Marker Test)
Trace your own ancestry on your paternal line. You may upgrade to the Advanced or Premium Package at a later date.
$119 USD
Advanced Paternal Ancestry Package (Y-DNA 44 STR Marker Test)
Trace your own ancestry on your paternal line. You may upgrade to the Premium Package at a later date.
$199 USD
Premium Paternal Ancestry Package (Y-DNA 101 STR Marker Test)
Highest resolution test for tracing your own ancestry on your paternal line.
$339 USD
Y-DNA Haplogroup Determination SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$89 USD
Y-DNA E Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA G Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA H Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA I Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA J Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA L Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA N Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA O Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA Q Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA R1a Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA R1b Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA B Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA R2 Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA C Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA F Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA K Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA T Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L4
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L4
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker CTS2457.2
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker CTS2457.2
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker CTS2509
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker CTS2509
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker CTS6838
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker CTS6838
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF1
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF1
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF13
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF13
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF17
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF17
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF19
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF19
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF21
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF21
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF23
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF23
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF25
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF25
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF27
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF27
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF41
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF41
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF49
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF49
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF5
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF5
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF63
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF63
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF73
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF73
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF85
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF85
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF88
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF88
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF96
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF96
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF98
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF98
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF99
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker DF99
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L1066.1
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L1066.1
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L1199
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L1199
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L128
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L128
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L130
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L130
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L1335
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L1335
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L1402
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L1402
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L144.1
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L144.1
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L148
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L148
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L159.2
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L159.2
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L165
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L165
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L193.1
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L193.1
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L196
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L196
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L2
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L2
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L20
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L20
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L200
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L200
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L21
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L21
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L217.1
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L217.1
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L226
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L226
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L238
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L238
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L257
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L257
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L277.1
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L277.1
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L362
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L362
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L371
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L371
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L44
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L44
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L45
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L45
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L46
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L46
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L47
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L47
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L48
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L48
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L554
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L554
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L562
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L562
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L617
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L617
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L627
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L627
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L644
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L644
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L658
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L658
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L679
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L679
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L705.2
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L705.2
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L706.2
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L706.2
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L719
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L719
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L720
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L720
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L743
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L743
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L744
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L744
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L745
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L745
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L96
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker L96
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker M153
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker M153
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker M167
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker M167
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker M18
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker M18
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker M222
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker M222
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker M365.4
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker M365.4
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker P314.2
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker P314.2
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker P66_1
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker P66_1
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker P89.2
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker P89.2
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker PF825.2
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker PF825.2
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker S1136
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker S1136
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker S190
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker S190
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker S233
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker S233
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker S26
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker S26
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker S28
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker S28
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker S29
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker S29
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker S3334
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker S3334
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker S3595
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker S3595
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker S3689
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker S3689
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker S3787
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker S3787
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker S424
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker S424
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker S893
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker S893
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker V35
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker V35
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker V69
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker V69
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z1
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z1
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z11
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z11
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z12
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z12
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z142
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z142
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z144
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z144
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z156
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z156
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z159
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z159
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z18
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z18
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z196
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z196
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z2
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z2
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z209
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z209
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z214
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z214
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z216
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z216
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z246
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z246
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z251
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z251
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z253
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z253
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z255
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z255
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z262
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z262
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z275
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z275
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z2961
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z2961
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z301
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z301
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z305
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z305
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z326
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z326
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z330
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z330
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z331
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z331
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z34
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z34
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z343
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z343
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z344
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z344
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z346
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z346
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z35
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z35
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z36
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z36
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z367
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z367
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z372
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z372
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z381
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z381
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z49
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z49
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z56
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z56
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z6
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z6
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z7
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z7
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z8
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z8
$29 USD
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z9
Y-DNA R1b Standalone SNP marker Z9
$29 USD

Maternal Ancestry Test

Trace your maternal line
Standard Maternal Ancestry Package (mtDNA HVR1 Test)
Trace your own ancestry on your maternal line. You may upgrade to the Advanced or Premium Package at a later date.
$119 USD
Advanced Maternal Ancestry Package (mtDNA HVR1 + HVR2 Test)
High resolution test for tracing your own ancestry on your maternal line. You may upgrade to the Premium Package at a later date.
$189 USD
Premium Maternal Ancestry Package (mtDNA HVR1 + HVR2 + Coding Region Test)
Highest resolution test for tracing your own ancestry on your maternal line.
$528 USD
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