Learning Center   »   Databases   »   DNA Haplogroups   »   Understanding Haplogroups, “Deep Ancestry”: Part II

Understanding Haplogroups, “Deep Ancestry”: Part II

Click here to view Part I. 

In Part II, we will go over how to use the DNA Haplogroup feature of the database.  For the purpose of this demonstration, we will trace the Y-DNA Haplogroup of a hypothetical individual who belongs to Haplogroup R1b:

1. After logging in to the Control Panel, click “DNA Haplogroups”:

2. Select the Y-DNA haplogroup (paternal), or the mtDNA haplogroup (maternal), then click “Begin Analysis” to proceed:

3. A list of all people in your family who have been tested will appear.  Find the line in your family that you would like to trace from the list and click “Proceed”:

4.  The Haplogroup Predictor tool will predict the haplogroup and generate a migration map.  The migration map shows the path of migration for ancestors in this haplogroup as they journeyed out of Africa and indicates where they travelled.  All people living today can be traced to one of 18 main Y-DNA haplogroups and one of 26 main mtDNA haplogroups:

In this hypothetical example, the predictor indicates that the individual specifically belongs to Haplogroup R1b.  R1b happens to be one of the largest family groups in Europe.  Many individuals of European descent are descendents of this ancient family group.  More specifically, the predictor is stating that this individual belongs to haplogroup “R”, subclade “R1″, and further subclade “R1b”. 

The prediction can be confirmed through haplogroup determination SNP testing. 

Individuals who are confirmed members of the R, R1a, or R1b haplogroups may consider R sub-clade testing to further investigate the R branch, in particular, the R1b branch of the haplogroup family tree.  The R sub-clade test panel will be launched in the control panel in the upcoming month.  

Y-DNA subclade tests are available for the following haplogroups:

  • R
  • Q
  • I
  • O
  • J
  • L
  • E
  • G

All known mtDNA subclades can be determined throught testing the HVR1, HVR2 and Coding regions of the mtDNA.

5.  To view the human phylogenetic tree and see how you fit into it, click “Haplogroup Tree of R1b”. 

The phylogenetic tree feature shows how haplogroup R1b is connected to all other haplogroups.  Click on the individual haplogroups in the phylogenetic tree to navigate the tree and view other branches.  The phylogenetic tree will illustrate how you are linked to all of the people living in the world today and shows how we have all descended from a common ancestor. 

6.  To read more about haplogroup R1b, click “About R1b”.  From here, you can read the latest information about R1b.

You can also trace the haplogroup of other lines in your family tree by selecting a family member from the list on the left column.  All family members who have been tested will be listed here so you can work together with other family members to trace the deep ancestry of multiple lines in your family tree.

Paternal Ancestry Test

Trace your paternal line
Standard Paternal Ancestry Package (Y-DNA 20 STR Marker Test)
Trace your own ancestry on your paternal line. You may upgrade to the Advanced or Premium Package at a later date.
$119 USD
Upgrade from 20 Y-DNA STR markers to 44 Y-DNA STR markers
$99 USD
Upgrade from 20 Y-DNA STR markers to 101 Y-DNA STR markers
$239 USD
Upgrade from 44 Y-DNA STR markers to 101 Y-DNA STR markers
$169 USD
Advanced Paternal Ancestry Package (Y-DNA 44 STR Marker Test)
Trace your own ancestry on your paternal line. You may upgrade to the Premium Package at a later date.
$199 USD
Upgrade from 67 Y-DNA STR markers to 101 Y-DNA STR markers
$89 USD
Upgrade from 91 Y-DNA STR markers to 101 Y-DNA STR markers
$49 USD
Premium Paternal Ancestry Package (Y-DNA 101 STR Marker Test)
Highest resolution test for tracing your own ancestry on your paternal line.
$339 USD
Y-DNA Haplogroup Determination SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$89 USD
Y-DNA G Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA H Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA J Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA L Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA N Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA O Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA Q Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA R1a Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA R1b Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA B Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA R2 Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA C Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA F Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA K Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD
Y-DNA T Subclade SNP Test - for 1 Male Individual
$99 USD

Maternal Ancestry Test

Trace your maternal line
Standard Maternal Ancestry Package (mtDNA HVR1 Test)
Trace your own ancestry on your maternal line. You may upgrade to the Advanced or Premium Package at a later date.
$119 USD
Advanced Maternal Ancestry Package (mtDNA HVR1 + HVR2 Test)
High resolution test for tracing your own ancestry on your maternal line. You may upgrade to the Premium Package at a later date.
$189 USD
Premium Maternal Ancestry Package (mtDNA HVR1 + HVR2 + Coding Region Test)
Highest resolution test for tracing your own ancestry on your maternal line.
$528 USD
Add mtDNA HVR2 Test
$119 USD
Add mtDNA HVR2 + Coding Region Test
$428 USD
Add mtDNA Coding Region Test
$358 USD
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